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Ganzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital uses ultrasound Graf method for infant hip screening

赣州市妇幼保健院自 2015年8月率先在赣州市开展超声Graf法婴幼儿髋关节筛查项目以来,为近1500例婴幼儿实施髋关节筛查,共筛查出 不成熟髋关节 46 9 ,其中 IIc型7例 D型 6例 III型/IV型6 ,为我市婴幼儿髋关节疾患的早期诊断和早期治疗提供了有力的保障。 Zhou Xiaomei and Xiao Xiaofang report: Ganzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital has been conducting the screening of hip joints for nearly 1500 infants and young children since the first ultrasound Graf infant screening program in Ganzhou in August 2015. There were 46 cases of immature hip joints , including 7 cases of type IIc , 6 cases of type D, and 6 cases of type III / IV , which provided a strong guarantee for the early diagnosis and early treatment of hip disease in infants in our city.

Developmental hip dysplasia is a common bone and joint deformity in children. It mainly points to hip dysplasia during birth and continues to worsen after birth. Early diagnosis and treatment, most cases can be restored or close to normal If the diagnosis and treatment are delayed, even with complicated surgical treatment, it will be difficult to restore the normal structure, shape and function of the hip joint.

The most commonly used screening methods for developmental hip dysplasia include ultrasound Graf method and X-ray examination, but no ossification center appears in the femoral head 4-6 months ago, resulting in limited X-ray examination, and ultrasound Graf method makes up for this One defect, and the ultrasonic Graf method also has the advantages of no radioactivity, repeatability, safety and economy. Ganzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital took the lead in introducing the ultrasound Graf method for screening infant hip joints, which filled the gap of ultrasound hip joint screening in Ganzhou. Over the past four years, nearly 1500 infants and young children have been screened, and 12 cases of developmental dislocation or subluxation of the hip have been diagnosed. Among them, the oldest is more than 6 months and the smallest is 9 days.

A few days after Lele from Xinfeng was born, his parents discovered his awkwardness: when the diaper was not wet, the child ’s legs were difficult to open. Hip screening at the Ganzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital was diagnosed with bilateral hip dislocation. After timely treatment, the child's bilateral hip joints are now close to normal, and they are no different from ordinary children when walking.

According to Lin Qiong of the Ultrasound Medicine of Ganzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital, the cause of developmental hip dysplasia has not yet been clearly concluded. Parents need to go to the hospital for further special inspection if they find that the child's limbs are unequal in length, the hips are asymmetric, and the joints often make abnormal popping noises.